Unit 2
Applications and Effects

Computer - electronic device for solving problems / processing info automatically using a stored program capable of modifying itself

Teleworking - carrying out work away from the office and communicating with the employer through the use of a computer and telecommunications equipment

Computer abuse - acts that are legal but unethical


Theft of data - data stolen by illegally accessing it or by stealing the computer on which it is stored


'Logic bomb'

The Computer Misuse Act, 1990

There have been relatively few prosecutions since organisations are reluctant to admit their security procedures have been breached (which could lead to a loss in confidence by clients)

Advanced 'Information Warfare' Techniques

Copyright Designs & Patents Act, 1988

Data Protection Act, 1984 - 8 data principles of good info handling practice

Data must be:

  1. obtained and processed fairly and lawfully
  2. held for lawful purposes only
  3. used for those purposes and only disclosed those people described in register entry
  4. adequate, relevant and non excessive in relation to purposes for which they are held
  5. accurate and up to date
  6. held no longer than necessary
  7. accessible to individual
  8. surrounded by proper security

Personal data - data about living, identifiable individuals

Automatically processed - processed by computer or other technology

Data subjects - individuals to whom personal data relates

Data Protection Registrar

Health and Safety

Stress - information overload -> managers bombarded with more information than they can assimilate -> information anxiety

Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) - neck, shoulders and upper limbs

Eye strain

Extremely low frequency (ELF) radiation - from monitor -> may influence miscarriages

Ergonomics - refers to the design and functionality of the environment

General Purpose Packages


Integrated package

Software suite